Nisarga has intensified into a severe cyclonic storm early on Wednesday morning and is currently recording a wind speed of 85 to 95kmph gusting to 105kmph.

Cyclone Nisarga closes in, 215km from Mumbai, says IMD

Cyclone Nisarga, the tropical storm anticipated to make landfall on Wednesday, is presently 165km south-southwest of Alibaug, 215km south-southwest of Mumbai and 440km south-southwest of Surat in Gujarat.

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) mentioned in its 7am bulletin that it’s anticipated to make landfall very near Alibaug, a resort city in Maharashtra’s Raigad district, between 12pm and 3pm.

Nisarga has intensified right into a extreme cyclonic storm early on Wednesday morning and is presently recording a wind pace of 85 to 95kmph gusting to 105kmph. Typically, extreme cyclonic storms make landfall with wind speeds of 100 to 110kmph gusting to 120kmph.

IMD scientists on Wednesday morning that diameter of Nisarga’s eye is about 65km as noticed by way of the radar so it has decreased throughout previous one hour indicating the intensification of the system.

The eye is the area of calm climate on the centre of tropical cyclones.

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As a outcome, wind pace has elevated from 85-95kmph to 90-100kmph gusting to 110kmph, the scientists mentioned. Wind circumstances will additional enhance as much as 100-110kmph gusting to 120kmph as circumstances are beneficial for intensification.

The greater sea floor temperature and low vertical wind shear favoured the intensification of extreme cyclonic circulation, they mentioned.

IMD has issued a purple alert for at the least seven coastal districts of Maharashtra, whereas a number of districts alongside Gujarat’s coast are additionally anticipating heavy rainfall.

Efforts to evacuate residents of those coastal districts have been underway all of Tuesday even because the Prime Minister’s Office assured all assist to state officers.

Mumbai, which is on the trail of the cyclone, will seemingly obtain very heavy rainfall upwards of 164mm. The metropolis is already reeling underneath a excessive caseload of the coronavirus illness (Covid-19) instances, and the opportunity of inundation of low-lying areas has raised considerations over the pressure on healthcare infrastructure and municipal assets.

A predicted storm surge of about 1-2 metres peak above astronomical tide is more likely to inundate low mendacity areas of Mumbai, Thane and Raigad districts and 0.5-1 metre peak above the astronomical tide is more likely to inundate low mendacity areas of Ratnagiri district throughout the time of landfall.

A June 2 Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services bulletin indicated a really tough sea alongside the Konkan coast: from 5.30pm on Tuesday to Wednesday night, the wave peak may very well be as excessive as 2.5 to Four metres in Thane; 2.5 to 4.5 metres in Greater Mumbai; three to six.5 metres in Ratnagiri; and three to five.5 metres in Sindhudurg.

“The last severe cyclonic storm to hit close to Mumbai was in 1961. This storm is severe but with a wind speed of only 100 to 110kmph. Important thing is to take all precautions possible which state governments are trying. Inundation is possible so evacuation of vulnerable people is important,” M Mohapatra, IMD’s director basic, mentioned on Tuesday.

“It is not common for tropical cyclones to hit Maharashtra coast. Usually, during monsoon onset the cyclones that develop move towards Oman and Yemen coasts. The track of the cyclone is completely dependent on wind direction and pressure while warm ocean surface gives energy and intensity to the cyclone,” Sunita Devi, the top of the nationwide climate forecasting centre, mentioned.

The sea floor temperature in elements of the Arabian Sea is 31 to 32 diploma Celsius in comparison with 28 diploma Celsius anticipated throughout this season.

Nisarga is the 65th named cyclone within the north Indian Ocean and its title, proposed by Bangladesh, means ‘nature’ in Bengali.